Nephrology is a medical specialty dealing with kidney health.
Besides treating the different kidney diseases nephrology focuses special attention on prevention as well. The nephrology specialist also performs the regular control of patients suffering from diabetes, struggling with high blood pressure or any metabolic disease.
Dr Judit Máté nephrology specialist
The nephrologist examines the very complex functioning of the kidneys and in case of necessity cures the kidney disorders. In numerous cases the suspicion of a kidney problem may be revealed by a general internal medicine examination or after a routine blood and urine laboratory testing. In such cases the patient should certainly visit a private nephrology consultation so that the nephrology specialist can evaluate the possibility of a kidney disease and if needed, ask for additional check-ups to prepare a precise diagnosis.
The nephrologist may order another blood or urine test, ultrasound screening, other imaging examination or a kidney biopsy. Based on the received results of these check-ups, the specialist can determine the seriousness of the kidney disorder and prepare an individualized treatment scheme for the patient. The collaboration with other medical specialties has a great importance for the nephrologist too, in addition to internal medicine, diabetology, dietetics, cardiology and urology are closely associated with it. It is worth knowing that the nephrology specialist will not carry out surgeries, if a kidney surgery is found to be necessary it is usually done by a urologist.
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When should you consult a nephrology specialist?
- in numerous cases kidney disorders may remain symptom free for an extraordinarily long time. If the family doctor or an occupational health specialist, on the basis of the results of routine laboratory tests direct the patient to a nephrology consultation, the proposal is well worth to be accepted. In the laboratory results the differences may include increased urea, creatinine or higher potassium levels, as well as anemia, which may be originating from a kidney disorder
- it is definitely recommended to see the nephrologist if you struggle with a blood urination abnormality (sometimes this could be even invisible by eye in the urine) or a protein urination problem (foamy urine may suggest this disorder)
- abdominal ultrasound screening may draw the attention of the radiologist to the possible abnormality of the size or the structure of the kidneys and this may also necessitate the visit to a nephrologist
- if the amount of excreted urine changes disproportionately to the volume of the consumed fluids a nephrologist also should be consulted
- symptoms of a kidney disease may also include bilateral leg swelling, swelling of the eye lids and less frequently skin lesions
- patients struggling with hypertension (even if it is well controlled!) or suffering from metabolic diseases, as well as diabetic patients should visit regular nephrological control
- kidney diseases, occurring cumulatively in a family, recurrent kidney stones or prolonged/frequently recurrent urinary tract infections (cold) may also necessitate the visit to a nephrological consultation
The most common kidney diseases
On the appointments the nephrologist often receives people who suffer from the presence of kidney stones or kidney sand but he/she also helps those patients who struggle with kidney insufficiency or most advanced kidney disorders. The nephrology specialist plays an important role in the treatment of patients having the so-called polycystic kidney disease or suffering from other chronic kidney diseases. The role of the nephrologist is also crucial in the treatment of diabetic persons and patients having hypertension because these disorders may give rise to – in many cases symptom free – kidney complications.
The process of private nephrology consultation
- for the nephrology specialist to determine precisely the health problem by analyzing the symptoms it is essential to question the patient in detail and to take a medical history
- it is also important that the nephrology specialist should revise the results of the patient’s previous laboratory tests and imaging screenings
- during the nephrology consultation a physical check-up may be carried out and additional special examinations may be recommended
Our nephrologist, Dr Judit Máté, also has a degree in psychotherapy by means of it she can provide to our patients a complex and psychologically well-thought-out attention.