Endocrinology is a medical specialty dealing with the diseases and disorders of the tyroid gland, adrenal glands, pancreas, pituitary gland and the gonads (additional types of endocrine glands – testicles and ovaries).
During the functioning of these endocrine glands hereditary and acquired diseases may develop which are manifested in very different symptoms.
Disorders of the endocrine glands can also be indicated by numerous symptoms. Disorder of the hormone production of the thyroid gland may affect, for example, body weight, wakefulness, concentration, blood glucose metabolism and the blood pressure as well.
The most common diseases of the thyroid gland are hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism (over- or underactivity) may often be associated with mental syndromes which can be positively controlled by the treatment of the underlying disease and as a result, the majority of the patients suffering from these syndromes undergo positive changes. At our Polyclinic we treat these mental syndromes by specialists who are well-trained in both physical and mental fields (psychologist, health psychologist), so that a complex examination and care of our patients can be carried out.
It is worth noting that the hormonal system, being the „conductor” of our body, is in fact responsible for the well-functioning of our organism. For example, if the hormone production/functioning of the adrenal or the pituitary gland has some disorders, it may develop symptoms which negatively influence the patient’s psyche and the behaviour as well.
This is why it is worth emphasizing that the opposite of the body-focused approach is also true that is our mental health affects the balance of the functioning of our body.
This is the reason why in our Polyclinic we also approach the hormonal system disorders from both sides by providing our so-called complex health consultation service.
The endocrinologist of Panoráma Polyclinic is Dr Esztella Mikolás.
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Symptoms of hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism (increased or decreased function of the thyroid gland) may include:
- problems with menstruation and fertility
- early pregnancy loss (miscarriage) (more typical with the decreased function of the gland)
- mood swings
- changes in weight (extreme weight gain or loss)
- fatigue, insomnia
- absent-mindedness (more common with the decreased function of the gland)
- pain in the joints and muscles
- high cholesterol level
- cold intolerance (more typical with the decreased function of the gland)
- digestive problems
- cardiac arrhythmia (irregular, too slow or too quick heartbeating) (more typical with the increased function of the gland and often associated with excessive sweating, tremor and weight loss)
- various skin problems (mainly on the face) and hair breakage
In Hungary, owing to iodine deficient conditions varying area from area, goiter (struma) is quite common (a protruding bulge is visible on the neck) which is the consequence of hyperthyroidism.
Other diseases of the thyroid gland
Autoimmune thyroiditis (an inflammation of the thyroid gland) is the so-called Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, which is usually a slowly progressing disease, having several phases and therefore it requires years of treatment.
PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) is a functioning disorder of the ovaries. Most common symptoms of the disease are obesity, menstrual problems, excessive hair growth, etc. PCOS is often associated with insulin resistance, a disease which is considered a precursor to diabetes. This is why individualized treatment and diet is important since these may result an improvement in the symptoms.
Panoráma Polyclinic provides the full spectrum of the screening of thyroid diseases
- By laboratory testing we analyse thyroid hormones (TSH, free T3, free T4 and the control of thyroid antibodies also constitutes a part of the laboratory check-up)
- Inflammation and enlargement of the thyroid gland could be well monitored by radiological and cervical ultrasound technique. By means of this imaging method, the nodules, that may have developed on the thyroid gland, and the separation of good and malignant progression can also be perfectly completed.