Psychotherapy is a process, which is based on regular meetings between the patient and the therapist. Working together calls for attention and considerable emotional investment and commitment from both sides. Going to psychotherapeutical sessons is not always effortless, but it promises a significant change in the quality of life. Depending on the technique applied, the process can be carried out with or without a time limit.
Individual therapies with psychodynamic approach
At our polyclinic several forms of therapies with psychodynamic approach are available. What they have in common is that they acknowledge the importance of unconscious processes. Frequency of the sessions may constitute a discrepancy, in terms that the meeting is arranged between the patient and the therapist one or more times a week. Therapy can be performed with a time limit, when the two sides contract for a pre-determined number of sessions or no time limit is set. In the latter case termination of the therapy is subject to a joint deliberation. Long therapies provide an opportunity for the more thorough reshaping of the personality. The sphere of short therapies is less wide, they are usually appropriate for seeking after a solution for a current life situation problem by focusing on an internal conflict or a life difficulty.
Therapy with psychoanalytical orientation without a time limit, short dynamic therapy (20-30 sessions) and DREAM short therapy method, which is based on the analysis of the patient’s dreams, are available in Panoráma Polyclinic. The applicability and the selection of the different methods are subject to several factors, which are consulted between the psychologist and the patient, based on a thorough deliberation after the first interview.
Cognitive Behaviourale Therapy (CBT)
According to this psychological trend, psychiatric symptoms develop as an outcome of a faulty behaviour learning process. Aim of the behavioural therapy is to change an apparent behaviour by re-learning it. Completing the assessment, the intervention plan is prepared with the assistance of the patient. The client practices the assignments first in the session, then at home. Part of the therapy is to understand how the person relates to what is needed to be learnt about the world. If this attitude involves a too negative focus, the aim will also be to get it closer to the reality. In cognitive therapy, thoughts that affect negative feeling and behaviour are revealed. These thoughts may be based on a misinterpreted situation, misconception or logical errors, etc. After the problem exploration process, new behaviours which better support the adaptation are worked out.
By comparing to other psychotherapeutic techniques, this is a structured method, which is characterized by the active, direct and controlling attitude of the therapist. It is recommended for the treatment of well defined psychological problems like depression, anxiety or obsessive compulsive disorders. This technique can also be applied in the case of more comprehensive difficulties (complex emotional or personality disorders, identity crises, self-knowledge needs, etc.), but in this case the completion of the therapy with more experience targeted elements (schema therapy techniques, imagination, dramatic features, art therapy methods, etc.) is definitely important.